By the International Campaign for the Release of Simon Trinidad on January 29, 2018
In Colombia, like many other Latin American countries, peasant farmers with little land have been oppressed ever since colonial times. Up until the mid-20th century Colombia also had a history of partisan political violence between the traditional Conservative and Liberal parties. After a period known as La Violencia that lasted, by most accounts, from about 1948 until the late 1950s or early 1960s, a pact was reached between the Liberals and Conservatives that would prevent any other parties from gaining political power for 20 years.
As in many other Latin American countries, such exclusionary political arrangements were being challenged by leftist guerrilla movements. In this context rural sectors that were affiliated with the Liberal fighters during La Violencia joined with political activists inspired by the Communist Party to form the Fuerzas Armadas Revolucionarias de Colombia, or FARC, in 1964.Learn More